A range of developmental disorders that initially occur in childhood may be diagnosed, for example autism spectrum disorders, oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorderand attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHDwhich may continue into adulthood.
Various behavioral addictions, such as gambling addiction, may be classed as a disorder. Globally, an estimated million people are affected by depression.
Use of alcohol or recreational drugs Having a serious medical condition like cancer Having few friends, and feeling lonely or isolated Mental disorders are not caused by character flaws.
Some neurologists argue that classification will only be reliable and valid when based on neurobiological features rather than clinical interview, while others suggest that the differing ideological and practical perspectives need to be better integrated. There are three sub-types of the disorder: Depression is characterized by sadness, loss of interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, tiredness, and poor concentration.
Sexual disorders and gender dysphoria may be diagnosed, including dyspareunia and ego-dystonic homosexuality. List of mental disorders as defined by the DSM and ICD There are many different categories of mental disorder, and many different facets of human behavior and personality that can become disordered.
They should not be used for treating depression in children and are not the first line of treatment in adolescents, among whom they should be used with caution.
The maintenance or reactivation of social networks and social activities is important. Sleep disorders such as insomnia involve disruption to normal sleep patterns, or a feeling of tiredness despite sleep appearing normal.
Symptoms of pervasive developmental disorders, such Mental disorders autism, include impaired social behaviour, communication and language, and a narrow range of interests and activities that are Mental disorders unique to the individual and are carried out repetitively.
Personality —the fundamental characteristics of a person that influence thoughts and behaviors across situations and time—may be considered disordered if judged to be abnormally rigid and maladaptive.
These disorders usually are associated with overwhelming stress, which may be the result of traumatic events, accidents, or disasters that may be experienced or witnessed by the individual. These disorders can range from specific fears called phobiassuch as the fear of flying or public speaking, to more generalized feelings of worry and tension.
Children with ADHD have difficulty performing well in school, interacting with other children, and following through on tasks. Risk for PTSD is separated into three categories, including pre-traumatic, peri-traumatic, and posttraumatic factors.
Adverse childhood experiences and stressful life experiences are known to contribute to risk for MDD. The causes of OCD are largely unknown, however there is some evidence that it runs in families and is associated with environmental risk factors, such as child maltreatment or traumatic childhood events.
People with anxiety disorders respond to certain objects or situations with fear and dread, as well as with physical signs of anxiety or panic, Mental disorders as a rapid heartbeat and sweating. Post-traumatic risk factors include negative appraisals, ineffective coping strategies, subsequent exposure to distressing reminders, subsequent adverse life events, and other trauma-related losses.
Furthermore, people with psychosis are at high risk of exposure to human rights violations, such as long-term confinement in institutions.
There already exists, under the category of psychosis, a diagnosis of shared psychotic disorder where two or more individuals share a particular delusion because of their close relationship with each other. OCD symptoms are time-consuming and cause significant dysfunction in daily life.
Mental disorders are common. Compulsions are carried out in an effort to prevent or reduce anxiety or distress, and yet are clearly excessive or unrealistic.
People who suffer severe disturbances of their self-identity, memory and general awareness of themselves and their surroundings may be classed as having a dissociative identity disordersuch as depersonalization disorder or Dissociative Identity Disorder itself which has also been called multiple personality disorder, or "split personality".
The primary symptoms of conduct disorder include aggression to people and animals for example, bullying or causing physical harmdestruction of property for example, fire-settingdeceitfulness or theft for example, breaking and enteringand serious violations of rules for example, truancy, elopement.
The plan includes 4 major objectives: At its most severe, depression can lead to suicide. A person with a somatic symptom disorder, formerly known as a psychosomatic disorder or somatoform disorderexperiences physical symptoms of an illness or of pain with an excessive and disproportionate level of distress, regardless of whether or not a doctor can find a medical cause for the symptoms.
In addition, those with closely related family members for example, parents or siblings who are diagnosed with the disorder are at increased risk. Intellectual disability is characterized by impairment of skills across multiple developmental area such as cognitive functioning and adaptive behaviour.
Prerequisites for OCD include the presence of obsessions, compulsions, or both. Two of the most common symptoms of psychotic disorders are hallucinations -- the experience of images or sounds that are not real, such as hearing voices -- and delusionswhich are false fixed beliefs that the ill person accepts as true, despite evidence to the contrary.
Treatment with medicines and psychosocial support is effective. Alcohol and drug are common objects of addictions. They generally follow a steady course rather than the periods of remissions and relapses that characterize many other mental disorders.
Lower intelligence diminishes the ability to adapt to the daily demands of life. While some have serious difficulties and support needs for many years, "late" recovery is still plausible.
Anxiety Disorders Anxiety disorders are characterized by excessive fear or anxiety that is difficult to control and negatively and substantially impacts daily functioning.
Disorders in this category include schizotypal disorder, schizoaffective disorder, and schizophreniform disorder. Symptoms are typically first seen in the preschool years, and often precede the development of conduct disorder.The following is a list of mental disorders as defined by the DSM and ICD.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the American Psychiatric Association's standard reference for psychiatry which includes over different definitions of mental disorders.
The International Classification of Diseases (ICD). There are many different mental disorders, with different presentations. They are generally characterized by a combination of abnormal thoughts, perceptions, emotions, behaviour and relationships with others.
Mental disorders include: depression, bipolar affective disorder, schizophrenia and other. Mental disorders are characterized by problems that people experience with their mind and their mood. They are not well understood in terms of their causes, but the symptoms of mental illness are.
Alphabetical List of Mental Disorders: This list comes from a wide variety of sources including the DSM-IV, DSM 5, ICD, and online resources.
The illnesses that are listed on a mental illness alphabetical list consists of hundreds of entries, and although these are all thought to be legitimate mental illnesses, there are actually some disputes over the veracity of the mental illness alphabetical lists that some doctors consult.
Mental health disorders affect an estimated 22% of American adults each year. Here you'll find in-depth mental health information including care, and various mental .Download