Indian legal history

The authority to levy a tax is derived from the Constitution of India which allocates the power to levy various taxes between the Centre and the State. There was no uniform law among the people. In the yearthe seat or office of the President was transferred to Bombay, and slowly Surat lost its importance.

How to study Indian Legal History

It laid down duties of Vakil. The old judicial setup of Bombay was reorganized. Initially the Board was in charge of both direct and indirect taxes. Also, the Adalat system was extended to ceded and conquered territories. It was decided that every year new Mayor will be elected from Aldermen by aldermen and burgesses and retiring Mayor can be reelected by them.

It acts as a source of law for Hindus and was law of the land for Hindus for early British regime. Again on April 12, Charlas II issued a new charter with same provisions. No formal procedure was their, very few cases are reported but very interesting case happened in Coding of law also began in earnest with the forming of the first Law Commission.

The appeal system was practised and the King was the highest body of appeal.

History of Indian law

Company first started business at Surat, Agra, Ahmadabad, and Broach, and Surat factory become the main head office.

In the Company purchased at the cost of 1, rupees a year the right of zamindar over the three villages of Sutanati, Calcutta, and Govindpur. Vedic period[ edit ] In comparison with modern law, the classical Hindu law was a peculiar legal system as it followed a unique arrangement of law and polity with a unique scheme of values.

I am not going into those wars and those details. It became functional in May, Also, Cornwallis introduced reforms in the Mohammedan criminal law and all Nizamat Adalats were instructed to decide cases according to the modified rules of Mohammedan law.

Ancient India represented a distinct tradition of law, and had a historically independent school of legal theory and practice. In Bombay, Court of Judicature was revived and inaugurated The portion of the fiqh applicable to Indian Muslims as personal law is termed Mohammedan law.

There are some titles that we must read. Act was referred to Parliamentary standing committee which has submitted its recommendations. Interesting case — In company brought a case suit against Elihu Yale the ex- governor of Madras who extorted Rupees from merchants.

Surat Factory and administration — The factory got the administrative as well as judicial set up. The main aim of the law in the Vedic period was to preserve " dharma " which means righteousness and duty. After admiralty court ceased to sit on regular basis. Code of Civil Procedure was passed to regulate the procedure for civil suits.

The jurisdiction and powers of the High Courts were to be fixed by letters patent. Vedic Age; Vedas were composed which provided basis for the origin of law.Indian Contract law is popularly known as mercantile law of India.

Originally Indian Sales of Goods Act and Partnership Act were part of Indian Contract act, but due to needed amendment these acts were separated from Contract Act.

Outlines of Indian Legal and Constitutional History (6th ed.). Brief History of law in India. Law in India has evolved from religious prescription to the current constitutional and legal system we have today, traversing through secular legal.

For more information about Indian law and legal resources, see the Guide to Indian Laws by V. Ramakrishnan, A Guide to India’s Legal Research and Legal System by Dr.

Law of India

Rakesh Kumar Srivastava, the Legal Research Guide: India by the Library of Congress and the “Foreign Laws” entry in this Guide.

indian legal history East India Company Year Today the present Indian legal system as well as laws which we are using is the gift of East India Company and British king, the rulers of India.

CILS History

Feb 17,  · Timeline of Indian Legal History Year Particulars 1. mi-centre.comC. Indus-Saraswati Civilization (Harappan Civilization) provides glimpses of Municipal Government to maintain law and order of the state.

2. B.C B.C. Vedic Age; Vedas were composed which provided basis for the origin of law. They are the original scriptures of Hindu teachings, and contain spiritual knowledge. The Elizabeth’s Charter of granted certain trading rights to the East India Company in East Indies.

Indian Legal History.

Indian legal history
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