Utilitarian and deontological reasoning have very little in common. Thus, these two types of philosophy are very different.
If we look at the scenario from the last paragraph from a deontological point of view, we would say that my action was wrong. Your partnership is essential.
The fact that I saved them unintentionally while trying to kill someone else is irrelevant; all that matters is what came about because of my action. Deontological Ethics There are two major ethics theories that attempt to specify and justify moral rules and principles: Morality is a means to some other end; it is in no way an end in itself.
According to utilitarianism, I have committed a good act because I saved the lives of five people. Egoism states that the good consequences for the individual agent outweigh the consequences placed upon others.
Differences The primary differences between these two theories, keeping in mind that there are numerous sub-theories within each branch of thought, is the value placed between the individual and others.
In sum, according to utilitarianism, morality is a matter of the nonmoral good produced that results from moral actions and rules, and moral duty is instrumental, not intrinsic. But these acts are clearly immoral regardless of how fruitful they might be for the greatest number.
Both utilitarianism and ethical egoism are theories within consequentialism that focus on the outcome of conduct as the primary motivation of that action and any critique of whether or not that conduct is ethical. But basically, a utilitarian approach to morality implies that no moral act e.
Do you like what you are seeing? Essentially, this ethical theory intends to maximize good for the the most people. Egoism About the Author Jess Kroll has been writing since The moral worth of any action is judged by how much good results for all sentient beings.
Deontological ethics is in keeping with Scripture, natural moral law, and intuitions from common sense.
Deontological reasoning takes the opposite approach. For example, utilitarianism can be used to justify punishing an innocent man or enslaving a small group of people if such acts produce a maximization of consequences.
The fact that I accidentally killed a bad person and saved lives has nothing to do with the morality of my action.
Third, a moral principle is a categorical imperative that is universalizable; that is, it must be applicable for everyone who is in the same moral situation.
Rather, the rightness or wrongness of an act or rule is solely a matter of the overall nonmoral good e. Arguments Utilitarianism seeks to maximize good by minimizing harm to all while egoism seeks to maximize good by keeping the individual happy. The full pdf can be viewed by clicking here. For example, acts of lying, promise breaking, or murder are intrinsically wrong and we have a duty not to do these things.
Proponents argue that utilitarianism results in a greater sum of benefit to its harm, based upon outcome and not intention. Its morality has nothing to do with what the person meant to do. Suffice it to say that the majority of moral philosophers and theologians have found it defective.
Christian Research Institute Our Mission: In egoism, actions could be considered ethical for the individual if the one taking the action is benefited, while any benefit or detriment to the welfare of others is a side effect and not as important as the consequences for the individual.
The major difference between utilitarianism and ethical egoism is where those acts are directed. For example, a doctor may have a duty to benefit a patient, and he or she may need to know what medical consequences would result from various treatments in order to determine what would and would not benefit the patient.
Rather, at best, consequences help us determine which action is more in keeping with what is already our duty. Beyond that, however, there are no similarities.
There are several varieties of utilitarianism. This does not mean that consequences of acts are not relevant for assessing those acts. In this view, an action is good or bad because of how it turns out.Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more.
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Deontology - the ethical system in which morality is determined by duty or laws. One example would be Kantian ethics, in which the only actions that are moral are those performed out of one's duty to follow the moral law, as opposed to acts performed out of desire.
What is the relationship between utilitarianism and consequentialism? What. The Differences Between Utilitarianism & Ethical Egoism By Jess Kroll ; Updated April 12, Consequentialism is a moral theory that states that the consequences of one's actions are the basis for any morality or judgment toward that action.
Both utilitarianism and ethical egoism are theories within consequentialism that focus on the outcome. The following is an excerpt from article DE from the Christian Research Institute.
The full pdf can be viewed by clicking here. Ethics Theories- Utilitarianism Vs. Deontological Ethics There are two major ethics theories that attempt to specify and justify moral rules and principles: utilitarianism and deontological ethics.
Utilitarianism (also called consequentialism) is a moral [ ]. Get an answer for 'Compare and contrast utilitarian and deontological reasoning.' and find homework help for other Philosophy questions at eNotes.Download