If, acting on the advice of men who have no understanding, we injure the body, is it not true that we will incur an even greater evil by following the advice of those who have no proper understanding of the meaning of justice and that which pertains to that part of human nature that is superior to the body?
The place of this premise is established through a "Dialogue with the Laws" 50bd. If these offers of assistance are not sufficient to persuade Socrates to attempt an escape from prison, Crito presents some additional reasons in support of what he has been urging him to do. Therefore, he will not forsake the principles that he has honored for a long time but will Analysis of crito true to whatever reason tells him is demanded by them.
The Third Premise 49ea: At this point, Socrates introduces the voice of the Laws of Athens, which speaks to him and proceeds to explain why it would be unjust for him to leave his cell. He wanted to deal with the moral issue involved in those situations where individuals are confronted with penalties imposed on them by unjust laws.
By giving the Laws their own voice, Analysis of crito hopes to distinguish them as a separate entity, making them something human toward which Socrates might be able to act unjustly.
He explains what he means by personifying the Athenian Laws and Constitution and imagining the dialogue that might occur between them and himself were he to favor escape. Addressing public opinion, Socrates boldly asserts that it is more important to follow the advice of the wise and live well than to abide by the indiscriminate and capricious public opinion and live poorly.
Therefore, an escape from prison in violation of the law would be an evil act on his part and in no way would counteract the evil performed by the court. Crito relays bad news to Socrates. Are we or are we not abiding by our just agreements?
The annual sea-mission to Delos, during which time no prisoner can be executed, has arrived at Sunium on the Attic mainland, and should be returning to Athens soon. Such was the end, Echecrates, of our friend, whom I may truly call the wisest, and justest, and best of all the men whom I have ever known.
Socrates seems quite willing to await his imminent execution, and so Crito presents as many arguments as he can in order to persuade Socrates to escape. Rather than simply break the Laws and escape, Socrates should try to persuade the Laws to let him go.
Socrates could not go back on his obligations to the city, and unless commanded to do that which in his judgment was morally wrong, he was duty-bound to obey its laws. But we must do as he says, Crito; let the cup be brought, if the poison is prepared: In the Crito, particular attention is given to the reasons advanced by Socrates for refusing to escape from prison as a means of saving his own life.
It is the first suggestion in Western civilization that a legal system exists as a result of a kind of contract between the individual and the state, and this idea has had a tremendous impact on the modern world. Socrates says that the meaning of this is perfectly clear - it will be three days until he dies.
Also, the very confusion a reader finds in wading through these arguments is a great motivation to sort through issues of justice and law oneself.
Summary The dialogue opens just before dawn as Socrates awakes in his prison cell to find his old friend Crito watching over him. Plato was at this time too young to have been under the same or equal obligation to the state inasmuch as he had not received as much from it.
They both believe that to commit a wrong is under all conditions a bad thing for the person who commits it. He tells him that by remaining in prison and refusing to escape, he is playing into the hands of his enemies and giving aid to the ones who are disregarding the demands of justice.
But, in this case, he will attempt to relate not simply what they might say but rather what they would have a right to say in the event that he escaped. Socrates argues that if it is never good to do injustice, then certainly it is never good to do injustice in response to injustice.
He has been portrayed as a religious man who has spent the greater portion of his life in obedience to what he regarded as a divine command.
Then holding the cup to his lips, quite readily and cheerfully he drank off the poison. Socrates states that if such is the will of God, he is willing to die. The entire section is 1, words.
Socrates is not at liberty to reject the decisions of the court because he believes they have gone beyond their jurisdiction or that they have made a wrong decision in his case.
I return your good wishes, and will do as you bid. If, Crito says, instead of fulfilling your obligations to them, you go away and leave them to take their chances amid all the unfortunate circumstances that may arise, you cannot be held blameless if they should fall into evil ways.
Therefore, it is not right to do wrong even when one is wronged it is not right to injure even when one has been injured. This does not answer whether it is just or unjust for Socrates to escape from the prison, so Socrates asks what the Laws would say about his leaving.
If he had chosen to do so, he could have left the city at any time, but his very presence and participation in the life of the city was evidence of his approval of the way in which its activities had been maintained.A summary of 43a - 44b in Plato's Crito. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Crito and what it means.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.
Plato’s Crito: Analysis The question is raised within the dialogue between Socrates and Crito concerning civil disobedience. Crito has the desire, the means, and many compelling reasons with which he tries to convince the condemned to acquiesce in the plan to avoid his imminent death.
In Plato's Crito, Socrates has been unjustly accused of his crimes by those opposed to him. His friend Crito comes to urge him to escape from the prison where he is being held awaiting execution.
The main text of the dialogue is Socrates’ analysis of Crito’s arguments why he should escape from prison. Crito is one of the "jailhouse dialogues," coming in dramatic sequence after the Apology and before the Phaedo.
Assumption of Socrates’ Innocence. Crito 2 c d e 45a b c Cr: Too obvious, perhaps.
But, my supernatural Socrates, even now listen to me and be saved. I think that if you die it won't just be one misfortune. Analysis of Plato's Crito. The life of Socrates provides one example of a someone who seeks a justification for his or her moral actions.
Socrates tries to use REASON (rather than the values embedded in his culture) to determine whether an action is right or wrong.Download